Thursday, May 21, 2020
Education, school; words that in America, are as common and as free as the air around us. Even though our education has been hard earned, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t fully harness our educational freedoms. Many countries in this world do not have access to education; there are children and teenagers all over the world who cannot go to school to make a better future for themselves and their nation. Yet the education we have here in America is free to anyone who wants it. Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t we try to better our education? It is because of this, our country has fallen from its high position in the international rankings and is suffering greatly. Traditional school year schedules were originally designed in compliance with agriculture. In the time schools were developed, life was centered on farming, making the summer break a necessity for students so that they could be home for planting and harvest seasons. Even after the importance of agriculture dwindled, schools stuck to the traditional schedule in part because it was difficult to hold classes during the summer months without air conditioning. The year round school schedule would be beneficial to this countryÃ¢â¬â¢s education and future success. In the early 1900s, American schools started to incorporate year round schedules, but the idea did not become popular until the past two decades when it became clear that American test scores were failing. Year round schooling is a misleading term; many students imagine theyShow MoreRelatedSchool Calendars And Its Benefits1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlt. School Calendars and Its Benefits (Final) School is a place where students gain an education, but the traditional 180-day school calendar does not provide enough opportunities to the whole campus, however modified school calendars do in fact give those opportunities. Modified school calendars do deliver plentiful of opportunities that are available to everyone in the whole school community, thus this topic supports the main concept of the American Dream. Improved school calendars provide theRead MoreBenefits Of Traditional Gender Roles907 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTraditional gender roles are typical roles for men and women based on biological and social differences. The book describes two benefits of traditional gender roles for males as: Higher Income and Other Job Related Advantages and Less Domestic Work and Marital Stress. Men are expected to always provide a stable income for the home. As personal experience in my household, my dadÃ¢â¬â¢s paychecks were always higher than my momÃ¢â¬â¢s. He worked as head of security of a grade school making over $3,000+ a monthRead MoreOnline Vs. Traditional Education. As The Substantial Technological1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOnline vs. Traditional Education As the substantial technological progress every part of the modern living has been touched even the mode of learning. Online education or learning is rapidly gaining popularity due today which is offering intensified competition to traditional learning. Acquiring learning path that best suites the needs , time and resources that one has become of the most important decisions to make today (Chandler 1). In that as the current employersRead MoreElements Of Gold Standard Project Based Teaching783 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthey discard strategies from traditional teaching practice. PBL absorbs some of the traditional practices and during projects, teachers may utilize the appropriate strategies depending on the objective. However, educators who make PBL a regular teaching practice in their classroom must choose to trust students and relinquish some level of control. Gold standard PBL underscores how and what students learn, gold standard project based teac hing delineates the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s role in orchestrating the projectRead MoreScheduling Classes, Athletic Events, and Extra Circular Activities1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesphysical education classes, practice schedules and locations, meeting special needs students, coordinating game schedules for each sport, and finding time to mentor those within the department. Each area presents its own challenge to synergistically work with the available facilities that are available. Therefore, to be effective in creating a physical education program and athletic department, it is imperative that the athletic director is organized in his own schedule to meet the demands of each areaRead MorePurpose Of A Professional Development Plan1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPurpose of a Professional Development Plan For many of us, self-improvement has taken on a central role in our lives. Part of the thought behind how we want to live our lives includes looking at the habits and lifestyles of people who have the same kind of values that we want to meet. Employers may also prefer to hire people who will take initiative to grow and develop their skills in years to come. Development involves reviewing and determining the various attributes of an individual as wellRead MoreThe Effects Of Stress On Physical Health1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestwenty first century places high demands on people. Technology makes it very difficult to separate work life, school life, and home life. Today, society places a high value on a busy lifestyle for individuals. For example, many places of business are open twenty-four hours a day. In addition to societal pressures, attending a university adds to the stressors a person may experience. Going to school not only includes classroom time but it also includes homework , presentations, research, and examsÃ¢â¬âall, whichRead MoreOvercrowding in Schools Essay example986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOvercrowding in Schools #65279; As our population increases, schools are being faced with the problems of overcrowding and under funding. Many school districts are proposing a year round education program. I feel that year round education is only a quick fix for school districts and will be detrimental to teachers, children, and families. Many schools are building trailers and additions to accommodate a higher capacity of students. Some districts are proposing building new schools. This raises Read MoreTraditional Education And Online Education926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Which Is Batter, Online or Traditional Education Imagine that someone studies and has a neighbor in the same age. They study in together until high school. Someone continues to go to university but his neighbor decides to stay at home. They finally graduate and discover that his neighbor also graduate. Here will be there a lot of the questions beginning revolve in his head. How does his neighbor graduate and not go to school? The answer is an easy. His neighbor benefited from technology in educationRead MoreOnline Learning and the Adult Learner Essay1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesever growing availability of mobile technology, has moved us light years ahead from the days of learning solely by experience, hardbound books and in brick-and-mortar learning establishments. However, there seems to be a growing gap between the knowledge necessary to succeed in life, and the things learned and available yesteryear. Today more than ever, adult learners require solutions to meet the demands of their crazy schedules, as well as their need for f urther knowledge. According to the American
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Tying the Knot: Marriage trends in the United States Kelsey Stewart Indiana University East School of Nursing Formal APA Paper Table of Contents IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦P. 3 The Marriage TrendsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.P. 3 The Benefits of the Marriage TrendÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦P. 4 Negative Aspects of the Marriage trendÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.P. 4 The Great Divide for Young AdultsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦P. 6 ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...P. 7 AppendixÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦P. 8 Reference PageÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..P. 9 Tying the Knot: Marriage trends in the United States As young adults we are beginning to turn into a new chapter of our lives. There are certain things that we are now expected to do, and we must now learn how to be independent adults. When most people think about adulthood; careers, marriage and children are usually the first things that come to mind. If anyone is to get on Facebook, they are bound to see people they went to high school with doing these exact things. Some people question themselves if they do not marry and start families when their peers do. The fact of the matter is that people go through major changes in their lives at different paces and marriage is now mostly viewed as a big decision best suited for after collage and a career are started. In generations past, there was a strict order in which adulthood was obtained. The times have changed drastically however, and manyShow MoreRelatedCohabitation Is A Bad Trend876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCohabitation is a Bad Trend It was surprising to see the correlation between education and marriage. One quote in particular that caught my eye was Ã¢â¬Å"Perceptions of marriageÃ¢â¬ ¦ vary by educational level, with the highly educated feeling significantly more positively about marriage than the less educated populationÃ¢â¬ (Sharp). This confirms that those who can clearly rationalize the advantages and disadvantages of the given choices will choose marriage. However, as our textbook points out, cohabitationRead MoreMarriage : Then And Now1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKelsey Palmisano Hoffman INQ 110 Ã¢â¬â Marriage Family 9/11/14 Marriage: Then and Now The evolution of marriage has transformed a great deal overtime, and today, is in a unique stage. It is often that couples choose to live together before tying the not. This is called cohabitation. During this time period, couples are able to experience one another at the next level. They learn more about their significant other than ever before, and it is a great assessor as to what the future holds for the twoRead MoreCohabitation1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Raema Miles ENC1101 (online) T. Thomas 11/22/2014 Word Count: 1131 Cohabitation Before Marriage is it Good or Bad? One significant increase in trends is living together before marriage which has created a new term called: Cohabitation. Cohabitation has become very popular among our society in the United States.Ã According to the latest data from the CDC, nearly half of American women aged 15-44 have lived with a partner sans wedding ring between 2006-2010, up from just 34 percent of women in 1995Read Moreterm paper about living together before marriage1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿LIVING TOGETHER BEFORE MARRIAGE The human being and their society are always constant motion. In modern life, there are new tendencies which a lot of different than traditional countries appear. One of aspects changed quickly all over the world is love, marriage and family. A flower cannot without sunshine and man cannot live without love. (Max Muller) Love is a sacred and wonderful sentiment. In generation past, marriage and living together forever are a last destination of loveRead MoreWhy Do Rush Into Something Permanent Like Marriage?991 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesordinary for todayÃ¢â¬â¢s standards, and more and more seem to take on this trend instead of marrying. Why rush into something permanent like marriage, when living together is like a test trial for the future? More adults are choosing to cohabitate and have children rather then get married. Studies show a rising number that moving in with your partner, and having children before marriage is not uncommon. Cohabiators like myself say marriage is a piece of paper, and residing with a partner is not uncommon toRead MoreEarly Marriage997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGetting married at a young age is not new in our society, especially amongst the Malay communities. The phenomenon of early marriage seems to be a trend and lifestyle among young people today, especially those who live in rural areas. In the early twenties of the age they have begun talking and thinking about marriage. For some, they accept and assume this as common in Malay traditions and communities, but for others, they consider that this situation and phenomenon should be changed as in line withRead MoreThe Negative Effects of Cohabitation1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespeople are turning to cohabitation. With the 2000 census reporting 5.5 million cohabiting couples , up 3.2 million from 1990 ( Simmons OÃ¢â¬â¢Connell, 2003), it is clear that cohabitation is a trend that needs to be further examined. Cohabitation is viewed as an attractive alternative or a stepping stone to marriage. Cohabiting partners share the belief that living together will be a way to test their compatibility. Premarital cohabitation works like test driving a car before signing the binding contractRead MoreUkrainian Society Values1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages40% think its wise to test a relationship by living together b efore tying the knot.Ã In regards to education, the number of Ukrainians attending and graduation college continues to grow year after year. The practice of combining study and work is becoming very popular with 30% of students starting to work immediately after enrolling in a university. Modern Ukrainian family and its functions are characterized by contradictory trends that affect the changes and development of relations in the societyRead MoreMillennial Generation And The Generation1529 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesso earlier in life. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s median age for marriage and children is thirty. The info-graphic, appraised from Goldman Sachs states, Ã¢â¬Å"the percent of young people married and living on their own has dropped by more than 50 percent since the 1960sÃ¢â¬ (Millennial Infographic. n.d.). Although this generation is not jumping into marriage, they would like to some day. Some of the reasons they are waiting to marry are Ã¢â¬Å"couples living together before tying the knot, a decrease in shotgun weddings, an increaseRead MoreHistorical Development Of Haute Couture1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa means of achieving status.Ã¢â¬ (English, 2007: 32). What English expresses is the ability Chanel had in improvising her own upbringing of working class into her designs. With the mix of class in haute couture wealthy women were dressing down. The trend of dressing down defeated the purpose of haute couture being one of a kind however it did manage to rebel against the class system. It allowed women under the upper class to feel some sort of equality to the upper class. Though those women could not
The Winds of April. Manila: University of the Philippines Press, 1941. * Seven Hills Away. We will write a custom essay sample on Biography Og N.V.M Gonzales or any similar topic only for you Order Now Denver: Alan Swallow, 1947. * Children of the Ash-Covered Loam and Other Stories. Manila: Benipayo, 1954; Bookmark Filipino Literary Classics, 1992. * Children of the Ash-Covered Loam and Other Stories. Manila: Benipayo, 1954; Bookmark Filipino Literary Classics, 1992. * A Season of Grace. Manila: Benipayo, 1956; Russian translation, 1974; Malaysian translation, 1988; Bookmark Filipino Literary Classics, 1992. * The Bamboo Dancers. Manila: Benipayo, 1957; first published in full in Diliman Review and Manila Times Sunday Magazine (three-part serial); Alan Swallow, 1961; Russian translation, 1964; Manila: Bookmark Filipino Literary Classics, 1992 * Look, Stranger, on this Island Now. Manila: Benipayo, 1963. * Selected Stories. Denver, CO: Alan Swallow, 1964. * Mindoro and Beyond: Twenty-one Stories. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1981; New Day, 1989 (emended edition). * The Bread of Salt and Other Stories. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1993; University of the Philippines Press, 1993. * Work on the Mountain.Includes The Father and the Maid, Essays on Filipino Life and Letters and Kalutang: A Filipino in the World, University of the Philippines Press, 1996. * A Novel of Justice: Selected Essays 1968-1994. Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts and Anvil (popular edition), 1996. * A Grammar of Dreams and Other Stories. University of the Philippines Press, 1997. * The Winds of April. Reissue, University of the Philippines Press, 1997. N. V. M. Gonzalez once said. A teacher, author, journalist and essayist, Gonzalez is one of the most widely recognized, anthologized and closely studied among Filipino writers. His most notable works include the novels The Winds of April, The Bamboo Dancers and A Season of Grace, short story collections Children of the Ash-Covered Loam and The Bread of Salt and Other Stories and essay collections Work on the Mountain and The Novel of Justice: Selected Essays. Gonzalez distinctively wrote of the Filipino life, of the Filipino in the world. Gonzalez is himself a Filipino in the world, traversing between the United States and the Philippines and exploring Europe and Asia. The affair of letters Gonzalez created is more than literature.It is the story of a Filipino in the world. It is his story. Nestor Vicente Madali Gonzalez, familiarly known as simply Ã¢â¬Å"N. V. M. ,Ã¢â¬ was born on September 8, 1915 in Romblon, Romblon and moved to Mindoro at the age of five. The son of a school supervisor and a teacher, Gonzalez helped his father by delivering meat door-to-door. Gonzalez attended Mindoro High School from 1927 to 1930, and although he studied at National University in Manila, he never obtained a degree. While in Manila, Gonzalez wrote for the Philippine Graphic and later edited for the Evening News Magazine and Manila Chronicle.His first published essay appeared in the Philippine Graphic and his first poem in Poetry in 1934. Ã¢â¬Å"For the good of my soul lately I have been reading Jose Rizal and as much as I admire Mr. RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s political sentiments, I must say I prefer Gonzalez as a novelist. Ã¢â¬ -Wallace Stegner, 1950| A Rockefeller Foundation fellowship, awarded to Gonzalez in 1948, allowed the aspiring author to travel to Stanford University in Palo Alto, California and Columbia University in New York City. While at Stanford, Gonzalez attended lectures and classes from many prominent writers, Wallace Stegner and Katherine Anne Porter amongst them.After Gonzalez returned to the Philippines in 1950, he began a long teaching career, beginning with a position at the University of Santo Tomas. Gonzalez also taught at the Philippine WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s University, but it was the lengthy position at the University of the Philippines that gave distinction to GonzalezÃ¢â¬â¢s career Ã¢â¬â as a teacher at the university for 18 years, Gonzalez was only one of two people to teach there without holding a degree. Gonzalez hosted the first University of the Philippines writerÃ¢â¬â¢s workshop with a group who would soon form the Ravens. In addition, Gonzalez made his mark in the writing community as a member of the Board of Advisers of Likhaan: the University of the Philippines Creative Writing Center, founder The Diliman Review and as the first president of the Philippine WritersÃ¢â¬â¢ Association. Gonzalez continued to teach when he returned to California in the 1960s, serving as a visiting professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara; professor emeritus at California State University, Hayward; and professor at University of California at Los AngelesÃ¢â¬â¢ Asian American Studies Center and English department.Throughout GonzalezÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching career, the author produced 14 books and accumulated many awards along the way. Through these writings, Gonzalez received many prestigious awards, including repeated Palanca Memorial Award for Literature awards, the Jose Rizal Pro Patria Award, and the City of Manila Medal of Honor. In addition, his books became internationally recognized, and his works h ave been translated into Chinese, German, Russian and Bahasa Indonesian. Gonzalez received an honorary doctorate from the University of the Philippines in 1987 and became its first international writer in residence in 1988.He served as the 1998-1999 Regents Professor at the University of California at Los Angeles and continued to receive distinctions such as the National Artist Award for Literature in 1997 and the Centennial Award for Literature in 1998. In 1990 and 1996, Ã¢â¬Å"N. V. M. Gonzalez DaysÃ¢â¬ were celebrated in San Francisco and Los Angeles, respectively. Despite GonzalezÃ¢â¬â¢s travels, he never gave up his Filipino citizenship. Critics feared that Gonzalez would someday settle into the Filipino-American genre of literature, but Gonzalez often pointed out with an all-familiar twinkle in his eye, Ã¢â¬Å"I never left home.True to his word, the home that shaped GonzalezÃ¢â¬â¢s days is present in his writings, from the blossoming of a love story to the culture reflected in an immigrant experience. N. V. M. started his career at the age of 19; 65 years later, he was still creating affairs with letters. He passed away on November 28, 1999, due to kidney complications. He was 84. N. V. M. Gonzalez is remembered as an innovative writer, a dedicated and humble worker and an honest witty friend. He will be dearly missed. How to cite Biography Og N.V.M Gonzales, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
One According to Herbert Girded (author of Cities People Planet), sustainability enables all its citizens to meet their own needs and to enhance their well-being, without degrading the natural world or the lives of other people, now or in the future (Page 6- Planet). Cities have been at the heart of this question because it is where the human population is at its highest and densest. Just look at the history of human civilizations for example, from Jericho to Rome (Chapter 2), from Beijing to London, and from Hong Kong to New York. What do they all have in common? They are all highly populated cities and most of them are near the coastal regions where pollution and sea levels are rising due to global warming. So given that about 80 percent of the worlds population is expected to live in urban areas by the year 2050, sustainability is an extremely huge concern for our present time and the future. We will write a custom essay sample on Sustainability and Global Warming or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Should we practice it? Definitely. Sustainability is ethical for our survival, and most importantly, preserving the natural resources and ecosystem of our planet from the destruction of global warming. We have to understand the obligations, values, and uniqueness of sustainability because it is self-apparent as humans to practice sustainability and maintaining a livable planet. We will look at the link between humans, cities, and the natural world, why are we talking about sustainability today. Then we will look at the impact of globalization and global warming on our planet and what we can expect to happen in the future if this trend does not stop. Finally, we will look for possible solutions to our planets current crisis and why we should work towards an ethic of sustainability according to Randall Current (Toward An Ethic Of Sustainability). The author Louis Uniform said 50 years ago: If we would lay a new foundation for urban life, we must understand the historic nature of the city. (Chapter 2) In order for us to understand the link between humans, cities, and the natural world, it helps to understand the history of how it started. The link between humans and the natural world was already apparent from the beginning. The history of human settlements starts with hunter-gatherer bands setting up temporary camps or occupying caves in areas where fruits, nuts, fish, and game were plentiful. From here, villages emerged after wheat and barley had been domesticated in the Elevate around 8,500 BC. Thousands of people lived in one space by growing crops on clearly defined areas of land and fishing the fertile waters of rivers, lakes or the sea. This early settlement exemplified human control of nature through technological innovation, with hoes, ploughs, and sickles used to farm the land and pottery Jars made to store the harvest. The emergence of towns and cities is also the story of complex forms of social organization, with the appearance of formalized political and virtual hierarchies, administrations, writing and military power (Page 24). Subsequently, larger civilizations developed through time. Early cities like Jericho and Octal Yuk emerged. Dating back to about 7,000 BC, Jericho had the worlds earliest city walls, stone staircase, and its sufficient water. At 7,100 BC, Octal Yuk existed tort about 1 years, Witt a 32 acre site, mud brick houses, and a population of about 6,000. There is also much evidence of long-distance trade, cowries shells from the Mediterranean, manganese copper and turquoise from eastern Anatolia and the Sinai. Despite having the necessary ingredients to have a livable city, these early civilizations cease to exist which meaner that they were not sustainable. Why werent they sustainable? Much more excavation work is needed before we can get a clear answer on why those early cities werent sustainable. This transitions us into the impact of modern cities and how it is Jeopardizing the sustainability of our world. The industrial city started to develop in Britain in the 18th century with the introduction of coking coal made it possible to create an unprecedented range and quantity of new metal objects (Chapter 4). In 1781, James Watt started the revolutionary rotary-motion steam engines which led to the powering of factories, trains, ships, and cars. This explosion of industrialization resulted in three things. One, faster population growth than ever before with seven billion people currently and two more billion are expected within the next 25 years. Two, global warming due to more greenhouse gas (most notably carbon dioxide) being produced than ever before. And three, globalization and arbitration that is changing the way we live since most of the world will be expected to live in urban areas in the next 25 years. Furthermore, the world is divided into three different type of countries. The core (rich capitalists), semi-periphery, and periphery countries. Periphery countries grow their raw goods mainly for profit and not to feed their own people which leads to starvation. Then there are the semi-peripheral countries like China, India (both becoming capitalists), South Africa, Russia, and South America which have the factories and cheap labor (invest by core capitalists) necessary to produce raw goods. This translates into the core countries getting the most food while not enough food or the poor periphery and semi-periphery where population growth is faster than ever. This violates the third principle of sustainability: seek fair terms of cooperation conducive to sustainability. Actors whose actions affect each other are obligated to cooperate in negotiating fair terms of cooperation in living in a manner that is collectively sustainable. In other words, there needs to be a cooperation in negotiating a fair terms of sharing the resources so we can maintain sustainability. In addition, this global industrialization equals more energy used, this results in ore carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which will yield more severe global warming that will wreak havoc on the earths climate change and weather patterns. Ice caps with high labeled are melting faster than before while the ocean (93% of global warming) is absorbing more heat than before. According to Surface Temperature Analysis from NASA, global temperature has warmed at the highest rate at 1. 12 degrees Fahrenheit anomaly in 2010 and is expected to get worse. The asses was the hottest decade on record but the asses were even hotter according to the NRC. The Auks Met Office (National Weather Service) predicted that if we allowed the earths temperature to increase to 4 degrees Celsius then the impact will be catastrophic. A 2-foot rise in the global sea level is expected by the year 2100 while Saracens become more acidic as carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere dissolve in the ocean. This acidification will harm the ecosystem (about 60% of ocean life depends on coral ere ) that is sensitive to the pH to the ocean water. The average land temperature will be 5. Degrees above pre-industrial levels, agricultural yields are expected to crease for all major cereal crops in all major regions of production, and half of all Himalayan glaciers will be significantly reduced by 2050, leading to 23% of the Chinese population deprived of the vital dry season glacial melt water source. Furthermore, extreme weather patterns are to be expected such as more hurricane and drought. Global warming may spawn more super-storms As emissions of greenhouse gases continue to trap more and more of the suns energy has to be dissipated, resulting in stronger storms, more intense precipitation and higher winds. This vicious cycle of globalization plus population growth plus global warming ultimately equals unsuitability for our future. Ultimately, the Pentagon predicts that global warming will be biggest concern for this century. It is our obligation to maintain sustainability in our world and apply the first principle of sustainability ethics and that is do not diminish natural capital. There are three things to consider when talking about sustainability of cities. They are economy, environment, and equity of society. The Bedding Zero (Bedded) and Lading Echo- Villages compact urban development are good examples of working towards sustainability. Bedded was created on a Brownfield site, a former sewage works, in the borough of Sutton in South London (Chapter 8). It has many innovative features, including its own combined heat and power system burning wood chips, a pool of electric cars, and photovoltaic panels mounted on the conservatories of every flat. Bedded buildings have very high levels of energy and resource efficiency and greatly reduced running costs. Instead of investing in a central heating system, each flat is insulated by 30 centimeters of rock wool like a giant tea coos. Bedded was constructed form natural, recycled or reclaimed materials. Due to its innovative design, solar energy and heat generated by occupants is sufficient to maintain comfortable temperatures even during winter. The Echo-villages designs features key components like: renewable energy-solar hot water, a central facility of visual and performing arts and culture. A photovoltaic and wind power. Water supply form household rainwater tanks, storm water retention in ponds, sewerage to be treated and reclaimed water used for irrigation on site, and a centralized recycling collection. The most difficult issue is finding a different energy source besides coal since our economy has been relying on it for more than a 150 years. Consequently, our biggest energy user is our cars which emits a lot of carbon dioxide. Some suggestions could be investing in new energy sources such as solar power, geothermal, wind, the use of electric/hybrid automobiles, planting more trees, better sewage and recycling systems, etc. Regardless, societies and their governments should create institutions that are conducive With respect to sustainability. Why should we care about the ecosystem? It is our obligation since we depend on it for food. It is part of our human values because we and other human beings cannot survive without it, and the consequences of it are already apparent in some parts of the world. We must strive for a more sustainable future to save and preserve what is left of the planets ecosystem because our lives depend on it. It is simply our obligation, our values, and the consequences if we do not apply principles of sustainability ethics. That is, to not diminish natural capital and that opportunities to experience the natural world are important to human well-being but not captured by the idea to natural capita must act now or else things will get worse.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
30 More Nautical Expressions 30 More Nautical Expressions 30 More Nautical Expressions By Mark Nichol After launching a list of seafaring idioms on a previous online cruise, I discovered a cargo hold of additional expressions that originated on the high seas but have come to rest high and dry on land. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s the haul. 1. All at sea: lost because of lack of knowledge of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s position (confused and disorganized) 2. At loose ends: a reference to idle sailors being assigned to check that rigging is secure (idle) 3. Bail out: remove water from (assist or rescue) 4. Broad in the beam: said of a wide vessel (said of a large-hipped woman) 5. By and large: said in reference to steering slightly off the wind to ease effort and decrease the risk of slowing (in general, without special consideration) 6. Cut and run: sever the anchor line in an emergency (leave abruptly and abandoning others) 7. Fall foul of: collide with or become entangled in (come into conflict with) 8. First-rate: the largest class of warships during the sailing era (best) 9. Flog a dead horse: a reference to a period of work after getting and spending an initial payment (focusing on something already completed or settled) 10. Flotsam and jetsam: items lost or thrown overboard, respectively (odds and ends) 11. Give a wide berth: provide sufficient space when anchoring or docking to avoid other ships (keep at a distance) 12. Go by the board: a reference to something lost overboard (said of something to be abandoned or ignored) 13. Hail from: referring to the point of origin of a ship (come from, live) 14. Half seas over: partly submerged or keeled over so that waves are breaking over the deck, and therefore unable to maneuver effectively (drunk) 15. Hand over fist: using one hand at a time in quick alternating movements (rapidly) 16. Hard and fast: grounded (inflexible) 17. Hard up: a reference to the tiller being pushed as far to one side as possible (short of money) 18. High and dry: beached or caught on rocks and standing out of the water as the tide recedes (stranded or without resources or support) 19. In the offing: in sight, from the term for the expanse of ocean visible from shore (about to happen) 20. Know the ropes/learn the ropes: a reference to understanding knots, ropes, and rigging (familiarity with or training in how to perform a task) 21. Loose cannon: a piece of artillery that is not secure and therefore can cause damage or injury when it rolls on its wheels from the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s movement or from its recoil after being fired (out of control or unpredictable) 22. Ship shape: ready for sailing, with equipment and materials secured (clean, neat, in good condition) 23. Skylarking: sliding down rigging for fun (engaging in playful antics) 24. Take another tack: change the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s direction in relation to the wind (try another approach) 25. Take the wind out of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sails: a reference to the loss of movement when another vessel comes between the wind and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ship (to undermine another, usually by anticipating an action) 26. Taken aback: halted by a sudden shift of wind (surprised by a revelation) 27. Three sheets to the wind: a reference to the sheets (ropes) of a sail becoming loosened, rendering the sail useless (drunk) 28. Trim oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sails (before the wind): adjust sails as appropriate (act according to circumstances) 29. When oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ship comes home: a reference to the arrival of a fully laden cargo ship that will bring profit to the owner or investors (achievement of fortune or good luck) 30. Whistle for it/whistle for the wind: from the tradition of superstitiously whistling to summon the wind (hope for the impossible) At least two nautical expressions, Ã¢â¬Å"between the devil and the deep (blue) seaÃ¢â¬ (meaning, essentially, Ã¢â¬Å"between a rock and a hard placeÃ¢â¬ ) and Ã¢â¬Å"to the bitter endÃ¢â¬ (meaning Ã¢â¬Å"to the last extremity, regardless of difficultyÃ¢â¬ ), have been attributed to seafaring origins, but the idioms, or similar expressions, may have come from earlier landlubber usage. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Expressions category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:100 Mostly Small But Expressive InterjectionsRunning Amok or Running Amuck?Charles's Pen and Jesus' Name
Monday, March 2, 2020
How to Start Writing a Novel 3 Key Elements a Novel Needs to Succeed How to Start Writing a Novel: 3 Key Elements a Novel Needs to Succeed Want to write a compelling, dramatic story?One that draws readers in, takes them on a roller-coaster ride of emotions and thrills,Ã then leaves them hungry for you to publish your next book, and your next, and your next?If so, then I have good news:With the right understanding of story structure, I believe anyone is capable of writing an amazing story.Yes, that includes you.And the key to making this process as easy and natural as possible is to start every novel with a good story foundation.This is where most new writers struggle. Either they have trouble getting their story off the ground, or they can get it off the ground, but it nosedives partway through the book.Either way, the cause is the same: they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t start their book from a good story foundation.In other words, they were missing one or more of thethree critical elements that every novel needs to succeed. I call these foundational elements, Ã¢â¬Å"The Story Foundation Trifecta.Ã¢â¬ LetÃ¢â¬â¢s talk about itNOT E: We cover everything in this blog post and much more about the writing, marketing, and publishing process in our VIP Fiction Self-Publishing Program. Learn more about it hereHow to Start Writing a Novel for BeginnersIf youre new to the world of writing, its really easy to get overwhelmed. Its normal to feel that way. Youve never done this before and its a major task to learn how to write a book.What advice do you listen to?How will you even sift through all of the ideas you have?What steps do you actually need to take to start writing a novel?The best part about being a beginner is that youÃ canÃ onlyÃ makeÃ progress. Theres really nowhere else for you to go but up.The tricky thing, however, is knowing how to get started. After all, that step is the most important, but also the most difficult.These are among the first things you have to do in order to start writing a book as a beginner:#1 Choose a book idea to write aboutIf youre ready to write a book, chances are you hav e more than a single idea in mind thats just how the minds of creatives like yourself work.But how do you choose which to write and which to save for later?The good news is that any and all of your book ideas can get written, its just a matter of choosing which goes first.These are a few questions I like to ask myself when it comes to deciding which idea to start next:Which do you find yourself thinking about most often?Which has a theme/message that means the most to you?Which do you have the most content developed for?Which will be the fastest to write?Once you have an idea in mind that fulfills these questions, youll know that that is the one to write about.Essentailly, in order to choose a book idea, think about which one youre most passionate and excited about. #2 Start your mindmap and outlineOutlining is necessary no matter what type of book youre reading. Even if you think youre the type to write by the seat of your pants, an outline of some sort will come in handy.Even St ephen King has the end of his stories in mind and a few plot points along the way, and he self-identifies as a pantzer, or someone who writes by the seat of ones pants.Now this does NOT mean you have to go through every single part of your story and create a step-by-step outline of everything that will happen.You can do that, but you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to.Generally speaking, there are two kinds of writers out there:Plotters (like James Patterson)Pantzers (like Stephen King)Plotters are people who like to plot their stories in advance, while pantzers are people who donÃ¢â¬â¢t- they Ã¢â¬Å"fly by the seat of their pants,Ã¢â¬ coming up with their story ideas on the fly.You might think that outlining is only important for plottersbut actually, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not the case. EVERY writer needs to come up with at least a basic outline before they start writing.Even Stephen King, the most well-known pantzer out there, has admitted that he writes his stories with an end in mind.Knowing whe re your story is going can help you develop the plot to be more complex, exciting, and allow you to hide foreshadowing within the book.This will help you craft your twists to be even harder to see coming something all bookworms love.We have complete guides for learning how to fill out a mindmap and then complete an outline based on it. Check those out before moving on to the nexts steps because its essential to have those details done first.#3 Consider how long you want your book to beThis is also the stage in which you figure out if youll be writing a standalone (a single book) or a series (2 + novels of the same storyline).But first, how long do you want this book to be? Some authors will tell you to just write as much as is needed, but its often a good idea to know your baseline so you can stay on track.This is a table of the average word count for different types of novels to help you get an idea for what to shoot for:Type of WritingWord CountPages in a Typical BookExampleShor t story100 - 15,0001 - 24 pages"The Gift of the Magi" by O. HenryNovella30,000 - 60,000100 - 200 pages"A Clockwork Orange" by Anthony BurgessNovel60,000 - 100,000200 - 350 pages"Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone": by JK RowlingEpic Novel120,00 - 220,000+400 - 750+ pages"Game of Thrones" by George R.R. MartinOnce you have an idea as to how long you want your book to be, you can better plan out each chapters length and formulate a writing schedule that will allow you to make real progress.How to Start Writing a Novel with the Story Foundation TrifectaFirst off, what IS the Story Foundation Trifecta?ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a combination ofÃ three things:An interesting premiseA sympathetic heroA clear compelling Ã¢â¬Å"A-storyÃ¢â¬ As youÃ¢â¬â¢re about to learn, these are the most critical and fundamental pieces to any successful story. As long as you have these three things in place, your story is bound to be engaging and entertaining.In the rest of this post, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll explain what th ese things are and how you can improve these elements in your story idea. And to help you understand, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be using examples from well-known stories such as The Hunger Games, The Matrix, and my own series GoneGod World.Foundation #1: An Interesting PremiseYour premise is the foundation of your plot. The collection of situations or presuppositions that make up your story world.That sounds complicated, so letÃ¢â¬â¢s put it in simpler terms:Your premise consists of 2-3 seemingly unconnected ideas that have been meshed together to make something truly unique.If you analyze really popular stories like The Hunger Games and The Matrix, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll realize they have great premises. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a big part of the reason why they were so successful.So how do you come up with an awesome premise of your own?One common method is to use the Ã¢â¬Å"What IfÃ¢â¬ technique. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s how that might look using The Hunger Games as an example:The Hunger Games: What if, sometime in the future, there is a society which demands children must fight to the death once a year?Immediately, the premise opens up a hundred other questions that your story may or may not answer. What happened to create this world and contest? Why children? What happens to the victors? Your story may not answer all of these questions, and certainly Suzanne Collins Ã¢â¬â the author of The Hunger Games Ã¢â¬â doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t answer all of them.See how that works? You take a few different ideas and combine them. See how they might fit together.In this case the premise is using the familiar idea of a gladiator storybut itÃ¢â¬â¢s mish-mashing that concept by having the gladiators be children.Then when you throw in a couple extra elements, likeSetting the story in the futureIncluding a love-triangle with the main characterHaving a power struggle behind the scenes only the audience knows aboutyou end up with a really great premise for a story.HereÃ¢â¬â¢s another example:The Matrix: What if reality isnÃ¢â¬â¢t what we think it is, and in fact weÃ¢â¬â¢re all connected to computers as human batteries for the robot world?Here weÃ¢â¬â¢re taking the idea Ã¢â¬Å"reality isnÃ¢â¬â¢t what you think it isÃ¢â¬ and mashing it together with Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢re human batteries connected to computers.Ã¢â¬ These are cool ideas on their own. But when you put them together, they become something really fascinating. With a premise like this, is it any wonder why The Matrix was so successful?And hereÃ¢â¬â¢s one more example, from my series of books:GoneGod World: What if all the gods are gone, and when they leave they force all their denizens to go to earth?Here IÃ¢â¬â¢ve combined the ideas of Ã¢â¬Å"divine creaturesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"refugeesÃ¢â¬ to create a unique story premise out oftwo familiar ideas.In this story, every sort of magical creature you can think of- dragons, faeries, etc.- is forced to become a refugee on earth. As you can imagine, this opens up all kinds of possibilities for interesting storylines and conflicts.So thatÃ¢â¬â¢s foundation #1 of the Story Foundation Trifecta: create an interesting premise. Now itÃ¢â¬â¢s your turn:How to Start Writing a Book Action Step:Take a look at your favorite stories and identify their premise. Turn those premises into Ã¢â¬Å"What ifÃ¢â¬ statements.Bonus: Among the premises that you have identified, see if you can alter them slightly to turn them into something completely unique.Challenge: Create 3 to 5 premise statements of your own, statements that ultimately create world, youÃ¢â¬â¢d love to write in.YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll be surprised at how quickly you start cranking out really unique story premises.Foundation #2: A Sympathetic HeroFoundation #1 focuses on your plot. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a big-picture statement of what happens in your story.But remember, stories donÃ¢â¬â¢t just happen by themselves. They happen to characters- to people. To human beings. (And sometimes, to elves and aliens.)At the heart of every story is a hero who strives to meet an important goal. And the more your audience can understand and identify with that hero, the more likely they are to become engrossed by your story.Now when youÃ¢â¬â¢re creating your hero, theÃ threeÃ most important things to figure out are your heroÃ¢â¬â¢s:Key traitsOuter journeyInner journeyÃ¢â¬Å"Key traitsÃ¢â¬ refer to your characterÃ¢â¬â¢s distinguishing features. Is your hero:Brave?Intelligent?Beautiful?Charming?Underhanded?Strong as an ox?Your characterÃ¢â¬â¢s journey refers to the challenges they will be forced to overcome throughout the story. And we break that journey up into inner and outer journeys.A few examples:The Hunger Games: KatnissÃ¢â¬â¢s outer journey is to survive the games. Her inner journey is to mature as an individual, to let other people in, and to learn to accept help from others.The Matrix: NeoÃ¢â¬â¢s outer journey is to defeat Agent Smith and the robot forces enslaving humanity in side the Matrix. His inner journey is to believe in himself and accept that heÃ¢â¬â¢s the only one capable of saving the human race.Make sense? Great. Now go figure out who your hero is, give them a few key traits, and most importantly decide on their inner and outer journey. Then when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve completed that, youÃ¢â¬â¢re ready to move forFoundation #3: A Clear Compelling Ã¢â¬Å"A-StoryÃ¢â¬ Once you know your storyÃ¢â¬â¢s premise and have identified your hero, your next step is to use those 2 elements to create your Ã¢â¬Å"A-story.Ã¢â¬ Loosely defined, your A-story is the main storyline in your novel. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the one story we need to see resolved in order for us to put down your book and feel satisfied at the end.Your book can have multiple storylines- maybe you have a romance subplot, for example- but your A-story is the main story. The big problem that gets resolved at the end. The big problem that gets resolved at the end.In most cases, your A-story is going t o be the same as your heroÃ¢â¬â¢s outer journey. In The Hunger Games, for example, the A-story is KatnissÃ¢â¬â¢ trial to survive the games.But your A-story can also tie into your heroÃ¢â¬â¢s inner journey. In The Matrix, the A-story deals in part with NeoÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle to believe in himself and become Ã¢â¬Å"the one.Ã¢â¬ Here are some common A-stories for different genres to think about when you start writing a book:Sci-fi: Repel the alien invasionAction: Get revenge on the bad guysRomance: Finally succumb to the love of your lifeItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to know your A-story. This is the storyline that you need to focus on, to keep coming back to. This is the major conflict of your story, so donÃ¢â¬â¢t lose sight of it.Exercise: Identifytwo or three unique A-stories that fit could each premise. Spend a few minutes contemplating how the premise and the A-story work together. (And also relish is how your A-story is better than the original Ã°Å¸ËÅ .)Bonus: Could you alter o ne of the premises to fit with your own unique A-story? If so, you very well may have the a kickass story on your hands!Challenge: Now that you have defined your premise in step one, identify 2-3A-stories that could work within that premise statement.How to Start Writing a Book Action Step:Identify two or three unique A-stories that fit could each premise. Spend a few minutes contemplating how the premise and the A-story work together. (And also relish is how your A-story is better than the original)Bonus: Could you alter one of the premises to fit with your own unique A-story? If so, you very well may have the a kickass story on your hands!Challenge: Now that you have defined your premise in step one, identify 2-3 A-stories that could work within that premise statement.You Know Your A-StoryNow, WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next?OK, so youÃ¢â¬â¢ve gone through the Story Foundation Trifecta and figured out your premise, hero, and A-story. What should you do next?Sign up for your free training to guide you through this process with more detailIts not enough to just read about it. What you need is someone whos done it before to take you through this process step by step.When it comes to fiction, those with experience are those who thrive and we should all learn from someone who know what theyre doing because if we can bypass all the mess of starting to write a book, we should.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Internal and external (domestic and foreign policies) changes in the US since 1980 - Essay Example When George bush was appointed president, he appointed an experienced team that runs all matters of foreign policy (Beisner 90). He rejected many of ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s policies and adopted others that were from a unilateralist approach. In his term, several international treaties were not implemented, and new realism was adopted as the new policy. The terrorist attacks of September 2001 on the United States led to major changes in the foreign polices of the country, and adopted an overwhelming priority, which was war on terrorism (Beisner 91). The domestic policies that were in place during the cold war focused on supporting businesses and expansion of opportunities of people who fall in the middle class. As a country, the United States has a history of promoting and disregarding human rights abroad; however, it has a mixed record at home (Beisner 49). The federal branch of the government continues to support the use of abusive counterterrorism policies. The criminal justice system employs policies that are marred with racial disparities and harsh sentences (Beisner 57). The US has undergone several changes in the foreign and the domestic policies. These policies are implemented with the aim of establishing better lives and security for American citizens. This paper has been a discussion of the changes that have taken place in the domestic in addition, the foreign policies of the country since